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马敬能大兴安岭培训

大兴安岭任务报告-马敬能

敖鲁古雅人-马敬能

舞动的翅膀-大兴安岭蝴蝶记

This is my house now!

Our project helps advise the new wetland park of Genhe in the Nei Menggu section of the great forested landscape of Daxing'anling.
Genhe is a long protected area along the valley of the Genhe stream. Once this was a productive forest farm and the current tourist road follows the line of the original railway built to extract the giant trees. But the grand days of the loggers is finished. Discarded machinery rusts like skeletal ghosts in the misty morning but new developments are all too obvious.
The road is upgdraded for much of the way into the park and whilst the upper reaches of the valley remain a protection zone, the lower half is being developed to accept thousands of visitors.

The visitors bring noise and disturbance to the natural peace of this remote area of China but as Mr Wang the park director explains 'The first job is to attract visitors to appreciate and enjoy the wilderness. Then we can educate them to understand the need to conserve the wetlands and forests and their special wildlife.
So the park have built a headquarters with two artificial lakes ringed by wooden tourist chalets, parking bays where tourists can rent parked caravans or tent accommodation. other attractions include a fishing pool, rafting stages down the Genhe river, a tall lookout tower, a golf driving range, boardwalks to explore the forest and a barbeque site on the wide gravel beaches of the Genhe river.
But Daxing'anling gets very cold in winter. We visited the location to monitor winter wildlife in December and the morning temperatures were 30 degrees minus! The facilities were closed and only opened again for visitors for the short summer season from June to November. For the long winter months and early spring, wildlife reigns. The animals roam freely through the tourist camp admiring the new facilities and moving right in!!
How convenient the railing are for the perching owls. How good to use the night lamps as a perch to better see rats. How nice to nest in the new buildings. How warm to rest cold feet on the electric cables and solar panels.
Yes when we revisited the centre in early June the wildlife was well settled in.
Swallows and House martins were nesting in all the buildlings. Pacific swifts had colonised the main tourist centre. A pair of buzzards had taken over the entire site perching from structure to structure. Roe deer patrolled the open grassland in early morning whilst boldest of all were the four Great grey owls that now used the site as their resting and hunting territory.
I watched in amazement as an owl perched on a lamp post undisturbed as a motor bike passed noisily just one metre beneath. I could hardly access some of the chalets when owls were sitting on their balconies. The sawing of workmen still building chalets and new bridges and the noise of vehicles dashing past too fast on the gravel roads all fail to persuade the wildlife that this is no longer their home.
Cuckoos were in full breeding mode, calling like crazy and chasing each other about the site settling on the roofs of the chalets in rare tameness. White wagtails and Daurian redstarts were also nesting in the new buildings.
Even the butterflies and moths were in on the act.
The first tourists were starting to arrive. The noise level will increase though the summer. How will the wildlife adapt? Will they continue to live among the barking dogs and shrieking children or will they retreat gracefully into the adjacent forests and await the quiet of autumn when they can once again return to the centre to reclaim their new territory of modern constructions.

版权所有 ? GEF中国湿地保护体系项目 - GEF China Wetland PA System Programme